What Is Small Scale Mining
Small-scale mining also be called Artisanal and Small-scale mining (ASM), It refers to informal mining activities carried out using low technology or with minimal machinery.
Key Features of Small-scale Mining
- Minimal machinery or technology used; instead, Small-scale mining relies on simple techniques and physical labour;
- Operates without legal mining titles (concession, claim) or a valid contract with the title holder;
- Low productivity since Small-scale often takes place in very small or marginal plots, is limited to surface or alluvial mining, and uses inefficient techniques.
- Economic insecurity.
Large Scale Mining VS Small Scale Mining
- Large scale mining usually involves a company with many employees. The company mines at one or two large sites and usually stays until the mineral or metal is completely excavated.
- Small scale mining usually involves a small group of nomadic men. They travel together and look for sites which they think will yield gold or another valuable metal or mineral. Small scale mining occurs in places such as Suriname, Guyana, Central Africa, and many other places around the world.
How Does Mining Affect The Environment
Mining is generally very destructive to the environment. It is one of the main causes of deforestation. In order to mine, trees and vegetation are cleared and burned. With the ground completely bare, large scale mining operations use huge bulldozers and excavators to extract the metals and minerals from the soil. In order to amalgamate (cluster) the extractions, they use chemicals such as cyanide, mercury, or methylmercury.